Exploring Ultrasound, Microwave and Ultrasound–Microwave Assisted Extraction Technologies to Increase the Extraction of Bioactive Compounds and Antioxidants from Brown Macroalgae

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Title: Exploring Ultrasound, Microwave and Ultrasound–Microwave Assisted Extraction Technologies to Increase the Extraction of Bioactive Compounds and Antioxidants from Brown Macroalgae
Authors: García-Vaquero, MarcoUmmat, VirujaTiwari, Brijesh K.Rajauria, Gaurav
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/11821
Date: 20-Mar-2020
Online since: 2020-12-15T16:06:53Z
Abstract: This study aims to determine the influence of (1) ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE), (2) microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) and (3) a combination of ultrasound–microwave-assisted extraction (UMAE) on the yields of fucose-sulphated polysaccharides (FSPs), total soluble carbohydrates and antioxidants extracted from A. nodosum. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to evaluate the influence of the extraction technologies on the surface of macroalgae while principal component analysis was used to assess the influence of the extraction forces on the yields of compounds. UMAE generated higher yields of compounds compared to UAE and MAE methods separately. The maximum yields of compounds achieved using UMAE were: FSPs (3533.75 ± 55.81 mg fucose/100 g dried macroalgae (dm)), total soluble carbohydrates (10408.72 ± 229.11 mg glucose equivalents/100 g dm) and phenolic compounds (2605.89 ± 192.97 mg gallic acid equivalents/100 g dm). The antioxidant properties of the extracts showed no clear trend or extreme improvements by using UAE, MAE or UMAE. The macroalgal cells were strongly altered by the application of MAE and UMAE, as revealed by the SEM images. Further research will be needed to understand the combined effect of sono-generated and microwave-induced modifications on macroalgae that will allow us to tailor the forces of extraction to target specific molecules.
Funding Details: European Commission - European Regional Development Fund
Science Foundation Ireland
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: MDPI
Journal: Marine Drugs
Volume: 18
Issue: 3
Copyright (published version): 2020 the Authors
Keywords: AntioxidantBiorefineryCarbohydrateFucoidanFunctional foodInnovative technologyPolyphenol
DOI: 10.3390/md18030172
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
ISSN: 1660-3397
This item is made available under a Creative Commons License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/ie/
Appears in Collections:Biosystems and Food Engineering Research Collection
Agriculture and Food Science Research Collection

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