Towards an operationalisation of nature-based solutions for natural hazards

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Title: Towards an operationalisation of nature-based solutions for natural hazards
Authors: Kumar, PrashantDebele, Sisay E.Sahani, JeetendraBasu, BidrohaPilla, FrancescoSarkar, Arunimaet al.
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Date: 20-Aug-2020
Online since: 2021-02-16T16:11:25Z
Abstract: Nature-based solutions (NBS) are being promoted as adaptive measures against predicted increasing hydrome-teorological hazards (HMHs), such as heatwaves andfloods which have already caused significant loss of life andeconomic damage across the globe. However, the underpinning factors such as policy framework, end-users' in-terests and participation for NBS design and operationalisation are yet to be established. We discuss theoperationalisation and implementation processes of NBS by means of a novel concept of Open-Air Laboratories(OAL) for its wider acceptance. The design and implementation of environmentally, economically, technicallyand socio-culturally sustainable NBS require inter- and transdisciplinary approaches which could be achievedby fostering co-creation processes by engaging stakeholders across various sectors and levels, inspiring more ef-fective use of skills, diverse knowledge, manpower and resources, and connecting and harmonising the adapta-tion aims. The OAL serves as a benchmark for NBS upscaling, replication and exploitation in policy-makingprocess through monitoring byfield measurement, evaluation by key performance indicators and buildingsolid evidence on their short- and long-term multiple benefits in different climatic, environmental and socio-economic conditions, thereby alleviating the challenges of political resistance,financial barriers and lack ofknowledge. We conclude that holistic management of HMHs by effective use of NBS can be achieved with stan-dard compliant data for replicating and monitoring NBS in OALs, knowledge about policy silos and interaction be-tween research communities and end-users. Further research is needed for multi-risk analysis of HMHs andinclusion of NBS into policy frameworks, adaptable at local, regional and national scales leading to modificationin the prevalent guidelines related to HMHs. Thefindings of this work can be used for developing synergies be-tween current policy frameworks, scientific research and practical implementation of NBS in Europe and beyondfor its wider acceptance.
Funding Details: European Commission Horizon 2020
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal: Science of The Total Environment
Volume: 731
Copyright (published version): 2020 the Authors
Keywords: Nature based solutionsHydro-meterological hazardsRisk mitigation and adaptionNBS policiesIndicatorsOpen-air laboratories (OALs)
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138855
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
ISSN: 0048-9697
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Appears in Collections:Architecture, Planning and Environmental Policy Research Collection

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