Giant negative electrostriction and dielectric tunability in a van der Waals layered ferroelectric
|Title:||Giant negative electrostriction and dielectric tunability in a van der Waals layered ferroelectric||Authors:||Neumayer, Sabine M.; Eliseev, Eugene A.; Susner, Michael A.; Rodriguez, Brian J.; et al.||Permanent link:||http://hdl.handle.net/10197/11998||Date:||1-Feb-2019||Online since:||2021-03-02T15:48:26Z||Abstract:||The interest in ferroelectric van der Waals crystals arises from the potential to realize ultrathin ferroic systems owing to the reduced surface energy of these materials and the layered structure that allows for exfoliation. Here, we quantitatively unravel giant negative electrostriction of van der Waals layered copper indium thiophosphate (CIPS), which exhibits an electrostrictive coefficient Q33 as high as -3.2m4/C2 and a resulting bulk piezoelectric coefficient d33 up to -85 pm/V. As a result, the electromechanical response of CIPS is comparable in magnitude to established perovskite ferroelectrics despite possessing a much smaller spontaneous polarization of only a few μC/cm2. In the paraelectric state, readily accessible owing to low transition temperatures, CIPS exhibits large dielectric tunability, similar to widely used barium strontium titanate, and as a result both giant and continuously tunable electromechanical response. The persistence of electrostrictive and tunable responses in the paraelectric state indicates that even few-layer films or nanoparticles will sustain significant electromechanical functionality, offsetting the inevitable suppression of ferroelectric properties in the nanoscale limit. These findings can likely be extended to other ferroelectric transition metal thiophosphates and (quasi-) two-dimensional materials, and might facilitate the quest toward alternative ultrathin functional devices incorporating electromechanical response.||Funding Details:||Science Foundation Ireland||Funding Details:||U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory
U.S. National Research Council
|Type of material:||Journal Article||Publisher:||American Physical Society||Journal:||Physical Review Materials||Volume:||3||Issue:||2||Copyright (published version):||2019 American Physical Society||Keywords:||Ferroelectricity; Piezoelectricity; 2-dimensional systems||DOI:||10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.3.024401||Language:||en||Status of Item:||Peer reviewed||ISSN:||2476-0455||This item is made available under a Creative Commons License:||https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/ie/|
|Appears in Collections:||Conway Institute Research Collection|
Physics Research Collection
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