Background Knowledge Injection for Interpretable Sequence Classification

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Title: Background Knowledge Injection for Interpretable Sequence Classification
Authors: Gsponer, SeverinCostabello, LucaVan, Chan LeIfrim, Georgianaet al.
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Date: 16-Sep-2019
Online since: 2021-03-11T16:17:03Z
Abstract: Sequence classification is the supervised learning task of building models that predict class labels of unseen sequences of symbols. Although accuracy is paramount, in certain scenarios interpretability is a must. Unfortunately, such trade-off is often hard to achieve since we lack human-independent interpretability metrics. We introduce a novel sequence learning algorithm, that combines (i) linear classifiers - which are known to strike a good balance between predictive power and interpretability, and (ii) background knowledge embeddings. We extend the classic subsequence feature space with groups of symbols which are generated by background knowledge injected via word or graph embeddings, and use this new feature space to learn a linear classifier. We also present a new measure to evaluate the interpretability of a set of symbolic features based on the symbol embeddings. Experiments on human activity recognition from wearables and amino acid sequence classification show that our classification approach preserves predictive power, while delivering more interpretable models.
Funding Details: Science Foundation Ireland
Type of material: Conference Publication
Keywords: Sequence classificationSemantic embeddingsClustering techniques
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Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Conference Details: The 8th International New Frontiers in Mining Complex Patterns Workshop 2019, Wùzburg, Germany, 16 September 2019
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Appears in Collections:Computer Science Research Collection
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