European perspectives on efforts to reduce antimicrobial usage in food animal production

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Title: European perspectives on efforts to reduce antimicrobial usage in food animal production
Authors: More, Simon John
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Date: 27-Jan-2020
Online since: 2021-04-21T14:44:37Z
Abstract: New regulations on veterinary medicines and medicated feed will substantially influence antimicrobial prescribing and usage throughout Europe into the future. These regulations have been informed by a very large body of work, including the substantial progress towards reduced antimicrobial usage in food animal production in a number of member states of the European Union (EU). This paper seeks to summarise European perspectives on efforts to reduce antimicrobial usage in food animal production. Work within the EU is informed by the global action plan of the World Health Organization, which includes a strategic objective to optimise the use of antimicrobial medicines in human and animal health. There is ongoing measurement of trends in antimicrobial usage and resistance throughout the EU, and detailed information on strategies to reduce the need to use antimicrobials in food animal production. Substantial scientific progress has been made on the measurement of antimicrobial usage, including at herd-level, and on the objective assessment of farm biosecurity. In a number of EU member states, monitoring systems for usage are well-established, allowing benchmarking for veterinarians and farms, and monitoring of national and industry-level trends. Several countries have introduced restrictions on antimicrobial prescribing and usage, including strategies to limit conflicts of interest around antimicrobial prescribing and usage. Further, a broad range of measures are being used across member states to reduce the need for antimicrobial usage in food animal production, focusing both at farm level and nationally. Veterinarians play a central role in the reduction of antimicrobial usage in farm animals. Ireland's National Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance 2017-20 (iNAP) provides an overview of Ireland's commitment to the development and implementation of a holistic, cross-sectoral 'One Health' approach to the problem of antimicrobial resistance. The new regulations offer an important springboard for further progress, in order to preserve the efficacy of existing antimicrobials, which are a critical international resource.
Funding Details: Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Springer Nature
Journal: Irish Veterinary Journal
Volume: 73
Copyright (published version): 2020 the Author
Keywords: AntimicrobialsResistanceFood animalsEuropePig productionFarm animalsBiosecurityLivestock
DOI: 10.1186/s13620-019-0154-4
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
ISSN: 0368-0762
This item is made available under a Creative Commons License:
Appears in Collections:Veterinary Medicine Research Collection
CVERA Research Collection

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