The Problem of False Positives in Automated Census Linking: Evidence from Nineteenth-Century New York's Irish Immigrants

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorAnbinder, Tyler-
dc.contributor.authorConnor, Dylan-
dc.contributor.authorÓ Gráda, Cormac-
dc.contributor.authorWegge, Simone-
dc.date.accessioned2021-06-22T10:18:01Z-
dc.date.available2021-06-22T10:18:01Z-
dc.date.copyright2021 the Authorsen_US
dc.date.issued2021-06-
dc.identifier.other202114-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10197/12278-
dc.description.abstractAutomated census linkage algorithms have become popular for generating longitudinal data on social mobility, especially for immigrants and their children. But what if these algorithms are particularly bad at tracking immigrants? Using nineteenth-century Irish immigrants as a test case, we examine the most popular of these algorithms—that created by Abramitzky, Boustan, Eriksson (ABE), and their collaborators. Our findings raise serious questions about the quality of automated census links. False positives range from about one-third to one-half of all links depending on the ABE variant used. These bad links lead to sizeable estimation errors when measuring Irish immigrant social mobility.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherUniversity College Dublin. School of Economicsen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesUCD Centre for Economic Research Working Paper Seriesen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesWP2021/14en_US
dc.subjectImmigrationen_US
dc.subjectCensus record matchingen_US
dc.subjectSocial mobilityen_US
dc.subject.classificationN21en_US
dc.subject.classificationJ61en_US
dc.subject.classificationR23en_US
dc.titleThe Problem of False Positives in Automated Census Linking: Evidence from Nineteenth-Century New York's Irish Immigrantsen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.statusPeer revieweden_US
dc.identifier.startpage1en_US
dc.identifier.endpage55en_US
dc.neeo.contributorAnbinder|Tyler|aut|-
dc.neeo.contributorConnor|Dylan|aut|-
dc.neeo.contributorÓ Gráda|Cormac|aut|-
dc.neeo.contributorWegge|Simone|aut|-
dc.description.othersponsorshipGeorge Washington Universityen_US
dc.description.othersponsorshipCUNY Research Foundationen_US
dc.description.othersponsorshipNational Endowment for the Humanitiesen_US
dc.identifier.grantidPSC-CUNY 63257-00 51-
dc.identifier.grantidRZ-51352-11-
dc.rights.licensehttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/ie/en_US
item.fulltextWith Fulltext-
item.grantfulltextopen-
Appears in Collections:Economics Working Papers & Policy Papers
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