Risk factors for African swine fever incursion in Romanian domestic farms during 2019

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Title: Risk factors for African swine fever incursion in Romanian domestic farms during 2019
Authors: Boklund, AnetteDhollander, SofieChesnoiu Vasile, TheodoraMore, Simon Johnet al.
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/12289
Date: 23-Jun-2020
Online since: 2021-06-23T11:28:23Z
Abstract: African swine fever (ASF) entered Georgia in 2007 and the EU in 2014. In the EU, the virus primarily spread in wild boar (Sus scrofa) in the period from 2014–2018. However, from the summer 2018, numerous domestic pig farms in Romania were affected by ASF. In contrast to the existing knowledge on ASF transmission routes, the understanding of risk factors and the importance of different transmission routes is still limited. In the period from May to September 2019, 655 Romanian pig farms were included in a matched case-control study investigating possible risk factors for ASF incursion in commercial and backyard pig farms. The results showed that close proximity to outbreaks in domestic farms was a risk factor in commercial as well as backyard farms. Furthermore, in backyard farms, herd size, wild boar abundance around the farm, number of domestic outbreaks within 2 km around farms, short distance to wild boar cases and visits of professionals working on farms were statistically significant risk factors. Additionally, growing crops around the farm, which could potentially attract wild boar, and feeding forage from ASF affected areas to the pigs were risk factors for ASF incursion in backyard farms.
Funding Details: European Food Safety Authority
Autoritatea Națională Sanitară Veterinară şi pentru Siguranţa Alimentelor
Danish Veterinary and Food Administration
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Springer
Journal: Scientific Reports
Volume: 10
Copyright (published version): 2020 the Authors
Keywords: Disease modelPopulation dynamics
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-66381-3
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
This item is made available under a Creative Commons License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ie/
Appears in Collections:Veterinary Medicine Research Collection
CVERA Research Collection

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