James on Percepts, Concepts, and the Function of Cognition

Title: James on Percepts, Concepts, and the Function of Cognition
Other Titles: William James on Percepts, Concepts, and the Function of Cognition
Authors: O'Shea, James R.
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/12410
Date: 8-Jan-2019
Online since: 2021-08-13T11:19:47Z
Abstract: Central to both James’s earlier psychology and his later philosophical views was a recurring distinction between perceptsand concepts. The distinction evolved and remained fundamental to his thinking throughout his career as he sought to come to grips with its fundamental nature and significance. In this chapter, I focus initially on James’s early attempt to articulate the distinction in his 1885 article “The Function of Cognition.” This will highlight a key problem to which James continued to return throughout his later philosophical work on the nature ofour cognition, including in his famous “radical empiricist” metaphysics of “pure experience” around the turn of the century. We shall find that James grappled insightfully but ambivalently with the perceptual and conceptual dimensions of the “knowledge relation” or the “cognitive relation,” as he called it—or what, following Franz Brentano, philosophers would later call our object-directed thought or intentionalitymore generally. Some philosophers have once again returned to James’s work for crucial insights on this pivotal topic, while others continue to find certain aspects of his account to be problematic. What is beyond dispute is that James’s inquiries in this domain were both innovative and of lasting significance.
Type of material: Book Chapter
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Keywords: PerceptConceptIntentionalityPure experienceRadical empiricismCognitionKnowledge relation
DOI: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199395699.013.15
Other versions: https://www.oxfordhandbooks.com/view/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199395699.001.0001/oxfordhb-9780199395699-e-15
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Is part of: Klein, A. (ed.). The Oxford Handbook of William James
ISBN: 9780199395699
This item is made available under a Creative Commons License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/ie/
Appears in Collections:Philosophy Research Collection

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