Simulation of High-Frequency Rotational Motion in a Two-Dimensional Laterally Heterogeneous Half-Space

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Title: Simulation of High-Frequency Rotational Motion in a Two-Dimensional Laterally Heterogeneous Half-Space
Authors: Lokmer, IvanSingla, Varun KumarMcCloskey, J.
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Date: 30-Apr-2021
Online since: 2021-09-14T11:04:31Z
Abstract: The seismic waves responsible for vibrating civil engineering structures undergo interference, focusing, scattering, and diffraction by the inhomogeneous medium encountered along the sourceto-site propagation path. The subsurface heterogeneities at a site can particularly alter the local seismic wave field and amplify the ground rotations, thereby increasing the seismic hazard. The conventional techniques to carry out full wave field simulations (such as finite-difference or spectral finite element methods) at high frequencies (e.g., 15 Hz) are computationally expensive, particularly when the size of the heterogeneities is small (e.g., <100 m). This study proposes an alternative technique that is based on the first-order perturbation theory for wave propagation. In this technique, the total wave field due to a particular source is obtained as a superposition of the ‘mean’ and ‘scattered’ wave fields. Whereas the ‘mean’ wave field is the response of the background (i.e., heterogeneity-free) medium due to the given source, the ‘scattered’ wave is the response of the background medium excited by fictitious body forces. For a two-dimensional laterally heterogeneous elastic medium, these body forces can be conveniently evaluated as a function of the material properties of the heterogeneities and the mean wave field. Since the problem of simulating high-frequency rotations in a laterally heterogeneous medium reduces to that of calculating rotations in the background medium subjected to the (1) given seismic source and (2) body forces that mathematically replace the small-scale heterogeneities, the original problem can be easily solved in a computationally accurate and efficient manner by using the classical (analytical) wavenumber-integration method. The workflow is illustrated for the case of a laterally heterogenous layer embedded in a homogeneous half-space excited by plane bodywaves.
Funding Details: Geological Survey of Ireland (GSI)
Type of material: Conference Publication
Publisher: Copernicus
Copyright (published version): 2021 the Authors
Keywords: Seismic wavesCivil engineering structuresFirst-order perturbation theoryWave propagation
DOI: 10.5194/egusphere-egu21-6446
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Conference Details: The EGU General Assembly 2021 (vEGU21), Virtual Conference, 19-30 April 2021
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Appears in Collections:Earth Sciences Research Collection

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