Adapting or Freezing? Ideological Reactions of Communist Regimes to a Post-Communist World

Files in This Item:
 File SizeFormat
DownloadFull-text-article-Dukalskis-et-al-Adapting-or-freezing.pdf669.2 kBAdobe PDF
Title: Adapting or Freezing? Ideological Reactions of Communist Regimes to a Post-Communist World
Authors: Dukalskis, AlexanderGerschewski, Johannes
Permanent link:
Date: Jul-2020
Online since: 2021-09-29T13:39:48Z
Abstract: This article studies the ideological reactions of communist regimes to the advent of a post-communist world. It examines two cases of reformed communist regimes (China and Vietnam) with two relatively unreformed cases (North Korea and Cuba) to understand different legitimation strategies employed during and after the downfall of the Soviet Union. Theoretically, the article compares two ideal-type approaches to ideology in autocratic regimes. The first approach emphasizes semantic 'freezing' over time. The consistency and coherence of ideology is underlined. The second approach argues that the success of an ideology lies in its ability to be a dynamic, adaptive force that can react with changing circumstances. Four parameters help to distinguish the freeze-frame end from the adaptation pole: (1) the autonomy over semantic changes, (2) the timing, (3) the velocity and (4) the distance that an ideology moves. Using qualitative case-based analysis that is enriched with quantitative text analysis of communist party documents, this article compares these contending conceptions of ideology with each other in the four cases. Sharing similar starting conditions in the 1970s, the article shows how China and Vietnam harnessed a flexible legitimation strategy while North Korea and Cuba adopted a comparatively rigid legitimation approach.
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Journal: Government and Opposition
Volume: 55
Issue: 3
Start page: 511
End page: 522
Copyright (published version): 2018 the Authors
Keywords: AuthoritarianismCommunismLegitimationIdeologyChinaNorth KoreaCubaVietnamChinaLegitimacyVietnamCuba
DOI: 10.1017/gov.2018.40
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
ISSN: 0017-257X
This item is made available under a Creative Commons License:
Appears in Collections:Politics and International Relations Research Collection

Show full item record

Page view(s)

Last Week
Last month
checked on Oct 23, 2021


checked on Oct 23, 2021

Google ScholarTM



If you are a publisher or author and have copyright concerns for any item, please email and the item will be withdrawn immediately. The author or person responsible for depositing the article will be contacted within one business day.