Food Insecurity Prevalence, Severity and Determinants in Australian Households during the COVID-19 Pandemic from the Perspective of Women

Title: Food Insecurity Prevalence, Severity and Determinants in Australian Households during the COVID-19 Pandemic from the Perspective of Women
Authors: Kleve, SueBennett, Christie J.Davidson, Zoe E.O’Reilly, Sharleenet al.
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Date: Dec-2021
Online since: 2022-06-03T09:06:24Z
Abstract: This study aimed to describe the prevalence, severity and socio-demographic predictors of food insecurity in Australian households during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, from the perspective of women. A cross-sectional online survey of Australian (18–50 years) women was conducted. The survey collected demographic information and utilised the 18-item US Department of Agriculture Household Food Security Survey Module and the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10). A multivariable regression was used to identify predictors of food security status. In this cohort (n = 1005), 19.6% were living in households experiencing food insecurity; with 11.8% experiencing low food-security and 7.8% very low food-security. A further 13.7% of households reported marginal food-security. Poor mental health status (K10 score ≥ 20) predicted household food insecurity at all levels. The presence of more than three children in the household was associated with low food-security (OR 6.24, 95% CI: 2.59–15.03). Those who were renting were 2.10 (95% CI: 1.09–4.05) times likely to experience very low food-security than those owning their own home. The COVID-19 pandemic may have contributed to an increased prevalence of household food insecurity. This study supports the need for a range of responses that address mental health, financial, employment and housing support to food security in Australia.
Funding Details: Monash University
National Heart Foundation Future Leader Fellowship
National Health & Medical Research Council
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: MDPI
Journal: Nutrients
Volume: 13
Issue: 12
Copyright (published version): 2021 the Authors
Keywords: HumansPrevalenceCross-sectional studiesMental healthSocioeconomic factorsAdolescentAdultMiddle agedAustraliaFemalePandemicsCOVID-19SARS-CoV-2Food insecurityCoronavirus
DOI: 10.3390/nu13124262
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
ISSN: 2072-6643
This item is made available under a Creative Commons License:
Appears in Collections:Agriculture and Food Science Research Collection

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