Aristotle, Empedocles, and the Reception of the Four Elements Hypothesis

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorCrowley, Timothy J.-
dc.date.accessioned2022-06-16T09:30:31Z-
dc.date.available2022-06-16T09:30:31Z-
dc.date.issued2021-01-25-
dc.identifier.isbn978-90-04-31817-5-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10197/12916-
dc.description.abstractIn this paper I discuss the meaning and significance of Aristotle’s claim that Empedocles “was the first to speak of the four so-called elements of the material kind” (Metaph. I.4, 985a32). I argue that this claim tells us a great deal about the reception of the four elements hypothesis, i.e., the hypothesis that that fire, air, water, and earth are the elements of bodies. Firstly, it indicates that the hypothesis is a familiar one among Aristotle’s contemporaries. Secondly, the fact that Aristotle highlights the priority of Empedocles is evidence that Empedocles’ priority was not well known to his contemporaries. I suggest, moreover, that we should not presume that it was well known to Aristotle’s contemporaries that Empedocles held the four elements hypothesis. Empedocles’ theory is best understood as a version of a view that had become popular already by Plato’s time.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherBrillen_US
dc.relation.ispartofHarry C., Habash J. (eds.)., Brill's Companion to the Reception of Presocratic Natural Philosophy in Later Classical Thoughten_US
dc.subjectEmpedoclean elementsen_US
dc.subjectStoicheiaen_US
dc.subjectOriginalityen_US
dc.subjectLove and strifeen_US
dc.subjectMoving causeen_US
dc.subjectEfficient causeen_US
dc.subjectAristotleen_US
dc.titleAristotle, Empedocles, and the Reception of the Four Elements Hypothesisen_US
dc.typeBook Chapteren_US
dc.internal.authorcontactothertim.crowley@ucd.ieen_US
dc.statusPeer revieweden_US
dc.identifier.startpage352en_US
dc.identifier.endpage376en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1163/9789004443358_013-
dc.neeo.contributorCrowley|Timothy J.|aut|-
dc.description.admin2022-06-15 JG: Correct version resubmitteden_US
dc.date.updated2022-06-08T11:57:36Z-
dc.rights.licensehttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/ie/en_US
item.fulltextWith Fulltext-
item.grantfulltextopen-
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