Bidirectional effects between maternal mental health and adolescent internalizing problems across six years in Northern Ireland

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Title: Bidirectional effects between maternal mental health and adolescent internalizing problems across six years in Northern Ireland
Other Titles: Bidirectional Maternal Mental Health and Adolescent Internalizing
Authors: Luningham, JustinWentz, BethanyMerrilees, ChristineTaylor, Laura al.
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Date: Jun-2022
Online since: 2022-07-06T11:38:35Z
Abstract: Emerging evidence indicates the existence of bidirectional relations between mothers’ mental health and adolescent adjustment, but few studies have examined these relations in contexts of high environmental adversity, including economic deprivation and political violence. Given other empirical connections between political violence and adolescent adjustment problems (Cummings et al., 2017), the impact of child adjustment problems on maternal mental health may be exacerbated in contexts of sectarian violence. Addressing this gap, latent change score modeling was used to examine interrelations between trajectories of maternal mental health and adolescent internalizing symptoms over time in communities afflicted by political conflict. Over six years, a total of 999 adolescent-mother dyads participated in a longitudinal study in Belfast, Northern Ireland. Six-hundred ninety-five families were originally recruited in year 1, with 304 recruited to supplement the sample in year 3; the largest available sample for a given year was 760 families. Models including maternal mental health, adolescent internalizing symptomatology, and political violence (i.e., sectarian antisocial behavior) as a time-varying covariate were tested. Results demonstrated that for both mothers and adolescents in a dyadic pairing, higher rates of symptomology in one member of the dyad were related to symptoms observed in the other member. Results also suggest that political violence and factors related to social deprivation increased symptoms across the dyad. This study advances understanding of the bidirectional impact between maternal mental health and adolescent internalizing over time in contexts of political violence.
Funding Details: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
Office of First Minister & Deputy First Minister, Government of Northern Ireland
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Wiley
Journal: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry Advances
Volume: 2
Issue: 2
Start page: 1
End page: 9
Copyright (published version): 2022 The Authors
Keywords: AdversityFamily functioningInternalising disorderMaternal factorsLongitudinal studies
DOI: 10.1002/jcv2.12078
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
ISSN: 2692-9384
This item is made available under a Creative Commons License:
Appears in Collections:Psychology Research Collection

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