Does Tenure Security Reduce Disaster Risk? A Comparative Study of the Nairobi Settlements of Kibera and Kawangware

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Title: Does Tenure Security Reduce Disaster Risk? A Comparative Study of the Nairobi Settlements of Kibera and Kawangware
Authors: McDermott, RonanGibbons, Patrick F.Ochieng’ Omia, DalmasOlungah, Charles OwuorMpanje, Desire
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Date: 12-May-2021
Online since: 2022-07-12T11:17:31Z
Abstract: While scholarship suggests that improving tenure security and housing significantly reduces disaster risk at the household level within urban settings, this assertion has not been adequately tested. Tenure security can be conceived as being composed of three interrelated and overlapping forms: tenure security as determined by legal systems; de facto tenure security; and tenure security as perceived by residents. This article traces the relationship between tenure security, the quality of housing, and disaster risk on the basis of a mixed methods comparative case study of the settlements of Kawangware and Kibera in Nairobi. Although the findings suggest that owner-occupancy is associated with the structural integrity of dwellings to a greater extent than tenantship, no association was found between the length of occupancy by households and the structural integrity of the dwelling. Moreover, tenantship is not found to be closely associated with fires and flooding affecting the dwelling as extant scholarship would suggest. Formal ownership is linked with greater investment and upgrading of property with significant implications for disaster risk. Our findings highlight the complex relationship between tenure security and disaster risk in urban informal settlements and provide impetus for further investigation.
Funding Details: European Commission Horizon 2020
Funding Details: Marie Skłodowska-Curie
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Springer
Journal: International Journal of Disaster Risk Science
Volume: 12
Start page: 445
End page: 457
Copyright (published version): 2021 The Authors
Keywords: Disaster riskFire and flood riskTenure securityUrban hazardsUrban informal settlements
DOI: 10.1007/s13753-021-00346-6
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
ISSN: 2095-0055
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Appears in Collections:Agriculture and Food Science Research Collection

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