Mother's education and birth weight

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Title: Mother's education and birth weight
Authors: Chevalier, Arnaud
O'Sullivan, Vincent
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/1818
Date: 12-Jun-2007
Abstract: Low birth weight has considerable short and long-term consequences and leads to high costs to the individual and society even in a developed economy. Low birth weight is partially a consequence of choices made by the mother pre- and during pregnancy. Thus policies affecting these choices could have large returns. Using British data, maternal education is found to be positively correlated with birth weight. We identify a causal effect of education using the 1947 reform of the minimum school leaving age. Change in compulsory school leaving age has been previously used as an instrument, but has been criticised for mostly picking up time trends. Here, we demonstrate that the policy effects differ by social background and hence provide identification across cohorts but also within cohort. We find modest but heterogenous positive effects of maternal education on birth weight with an increase from the baseline weight ranging from 2% to 6%.
Type of material: Working Paper
Publisher: University College Dublin. Geary Institute
Keywords: Returns to education;Health
Subject LCSH: Mothers--Education
Birth weight, Low
Education--Economic aspects
Language: en
Status of Item: Not peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Geary Institute Working Papers

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