Assessment of ultrasonic signals to determine the early age properties of concretes incorporating secondary cementitious materials

Title: Assessment of ultrasonic signals to determine the early age properties of concretes incorporating secondary cementitious materials
Authors: O'Connell, M.
McNally, Ciaran
Donohue, Shane
Bonal, Julien
Richardson, Mark G.
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/2267
Date: Sep-2009
Abstract: Secondary cementitious materials (SCMs) such as ground granulated blast-furnace slag (GGBS) are used in increasing quantities in concrete practice internationally. While these materials offer benefits such as reduced CO2 and a more dense microstructure, they also have drawbacks in terms of slower initial gain of strength. There are significant financial implications associated with this, as it can lead to delays in the construction process. Key to overcoming this challenge is the development of a methodology to assess the early-age stiffness development in concretes manufactured using GGBS. This paper presents the results of a study into the application of ultrasonic sensors to assess the early age concrete stiffness. A novel wavelet-based approach is used to overcome the difficulties associated with wave reflections and classical wave theory is used to determine the concrete small-strain stiffness based on P and S wave velocities. It was found that the results are largely in agreement with those obtained using standard strength testing, suggesting potential practical applications of this method.
Funding Details: Other funder
Type of material: Conference Publication
Keywords: Concrete;Ultrasonic signals;Young's modulus
Subject LCSH: Cement composites
Concrete--Elastic properties
Ultrasonic waves--Industrial applications
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Conference Details: Paper presented at Near Surface 2009, the 15th European Meeting of Environmental and Engineering Geophysics, 7-9 September 2009, Dublin, Ireland
Appears in Collections:Critical Infrastructure Group Research Collection
Civil Engineering Research Collection

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