Emergence, development, and prevalence of brick nogging in American vernacular architecture

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Title: Emergence, development, and prevalence of brick nogging in American vernacular architecture
Authors: Laefer, Debra F.
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/2283
Date: Nov-2004
Abstract: Despite being considered one of many seventeenth century American wall insulation systems, brick nogging emerges as a prevalent construction type throughout all of original colonies. Used in both framed and hewn-log structural systems, brick nogging is most typically found beneath clapboard siding. Because clapboard ultimately becomes a style in its own right, the presence of brick nogging beneath such clapboards becomes an unexpected complication for modern preservation and intervention efforts. The technique of placing fired and unfired bricks mortar, clayed, and dry laid, although poorly documented extends well into the nineteenth century increasing the anticipated weight of the structure by ten percent. Similarly, the presence of brick nogging substantially changes the structure’s wall stiffness. Identifying clapboard covered, brick nogging structures is not straightforward as their emergence was influenced by historical, fiscal and social factors in addition to engineering considerations.
Funding Details: Not applicable
Type of material: Conference Publication
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
Copyright (published version): 2005 Taylor and Francis Group PLC
Keywords: Brick nogging;Clapboard siding;Preservation;Wall stiffness
Subject LCSH: Vernacular architecture--United States
Insulation (Heat)
Bricks
Siding (Building materials)
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Is part of: C. Modena, P.B. Lourenço, P. Roca (eds.). Structural analysis of historical constructions : possibilities of numerical and experimental techniques
Conference Details: Presented at the Fourth International Seminar on Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions (SAHC) : Possibilities of Numerical and Experimental Techniques. November 10-13, 2004, Padova, Italy
Appears in Collections:Urban Institute Ireland Research Collection
Critical Infrastructure Group Research Collection
Civil Engineering Research Collection

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