Predicting reinforced concrete frame response to excavation induced settlement

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Title: Predicting reinforced concrete frame response to excavation induced settlement
Authors: Laefer, Debra F.
Ceribasi, Seyit
Long, James H.
Cording, Edward J.
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Date: Nov-2009
Online since: 2010-08-06T16:30:05Z
Abstract: In many tunneling and excavation projects, free-field vertical ground movements have been used to predict subsidence and empirical limits have been employed to evaluate risk. Validity of such approaches given the reality of two-dimensional ground movements and the influence of adjacent applied loads has been largely unknown. This paper employed analytical and large-scale experimental efforts to quantify these issues, in the case of a reinforced concrete frame structure adjacent to an excavation. Nearly half of all soil and building movements occurred prior to installation of the first tie-back, even when conservative practices were applied. Free-field data generated a trough half the size of that recorded near the building frames. Empirically based relative gradient limits generally matched the extent and distribution of the damage. Application of various structural limits also generally reflected global experimental response but did not fully identify local damage distribution. Fully free-field data or failure to include accurate two-dimensional soil displacements under-predicted building response by as much as 50% for low-rise concrete frames without grade beams.
Funding Details: Science Foundation Ireland
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: American Society of Civil Engineering (ASCE)
Journal: Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering
Volume: 135
Issue: 11
Start page: 1605
End page: 1619
Copyright (published version): 2009 ASCE
Keywords: DamageExcavationReinforced concreteSoil settlementSubsidence
Subject LCSH: Reinforced concrete--Evaluation
Subsidences (Earth movements)--Forecasting
Settlement of structures--Forecasting
DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606.0000128
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Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Urban Institute Ireland Research Collection
Critical Infrastructure Group Research Collection
Civil Engineering Research Collection

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