Infrastructure management information system framework requirements for disasters

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Title: Infrastructure management information system framework requirements for disasters
Authors: Pradhan, Anu
Laefer, Debra F.
Rasdorf, W. J. (William J.)
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Date: Mar-2007
Abstract: A three-tiered, enterprise, GIS architecture offers a robust, efficient, and secure platform to potentially revolutionize disaster management by enabling support of all of the phases of governmental activity that must occur before, during, and after a disaster. Presently, both publicly and privately initiated, computer-based systems designed for disaster management cannot meet the real-time data access and analysis needs at crucial stages, especially those occurring during an actual disaster. Impediments are reflective of the proprietary, standalone, and segregated nature of current systems. This paper proposes an integrated, infrastructure management information system as a reliable and effective alternative. Issues related to sharing data, customizing applications, supporting multiple data formats, querying visually, facilitating ubiquitous computing, and upgrading are all addressed. Achieving maximum flexibility and capacity in a disaster management system relies upon recent advances in the following areas: (1) standardized data specifications, (2) middleware services, and (3) web-enabled, distributed computing. Key resources in designing and implementing such an arrangement are prototyped in a system that was initially designed for addressing disaster management of urban explosions. The critical details of that system are presented herein.
Funding Details: Not applicable
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: American Society of Civil Engineering (ASCE)
Copyright (published version): 2007 ASCE
Keywords: DisastersHazardsDatabaseSpatial dataEmergency servicesDamage assessmentDisaster reliefComputer networksComputer applicationsComputer modelsComputer softwareInformation managementInformation systemGeographic information system
Subject LCSH: Emergency management--Geographic information systems
Information resources management
DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)0887-3801(2007)21:2(90)
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Urban Institute Ireland Research Collection
Critical Infrastructure Group Research Collection
Civil Engineering Research Collection

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