The effects of a neuromuscular electrical stimulation training intervention on physiological measures in a spinal cord injured male : a case study

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Title: The effects of a neuromuscular electrical stimulation training intervention on physiological measures in a spinal cord injured male : a case study
Authors: McCormack, KirstiCarty, AmandaCoghlan, GarrettCrowe, LouisCaulfield, Brian
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Date: Apr-2010
Online since: 2010-08-24T13:40:49Z
Abstract: Background: People with spinal cord injury (SCI) are exposed to the development of comorbidities secondary to a decreased ability to exercise and pathological complications. Aerobic exercise has been advocated as a means of preventing the development of these illnesses. Previous research has indicated that functional electrical stimulation (FES) provides an appropriate aerobic stimulus in an SCI population to provide cardiovascular fitness gains. However, FES devices are time consuming for both clients and medical staff in a rehabilitation and home setting with devices often expensive. Our research group have developed a novel neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) system which may provide an alternative to FES and elicit a similar response. Methods: A 40 year old male with a T6 incomplete SCI, undertook 6 weeks of NMES training for one hour, five days per week. Pre and post intervention measures include a treadmill VO2 peak test, a DXA scan and subjective feedback regarding the NMES device and training stimulus. Results: Improvements in VO2 peak, heart rate and exercise tolerance were observed with minor decreases in total body fat mass. The participant reported that the NMES was an acceptable form of cardiovascular training. Conclusion: Our pilot case study has indicated that our NMES system is capable of eliciting an aerobic training effect in people with SCI, which could potentially improve their cardiovascular fitness. Further study with a greater number of participants is warranted in this population using a similar training program.
Funding Details: Other funder
Funding Details: Enterprise Ireland
BioMedical Research
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Irish Society of Chartered Physiotherapists
Journal: Physiotherapy Ireland
Volume: 31
Issue: 2
Start page: 30
End page: 35
Copyright (published version): Irish Society of Chartered Physiotherapists 2010
Keywords: Spinal cord injuryNeuromuscular electrical stimulationAerobic CapacityEMS
Subject LCSH: Electric stimulation
Spinal cord--Wounds and injuries--Treatment
Cardiovascular system--Diseases--Prevention
Exercise therapy
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
This item is made available under a Creative Commons License:
Appears in Collections:CLARITY Research Collection
Computer Science Research Collection
Public Health, Physiotherapy and Sports Science Research Collection

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