Economic forces and anti-immigrant attitudes in Western Europe : a paradox in search of an explanation

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Title: Economic forces and anti-immigrant attitudes in Western Europe : a paradox in search of an explanation
Authors: O'Connell, Michael F.
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Date: Mar-2005
Abstract: Greater economic hardship is widely conceived as conducive to higher levels of majority hostility towards minority groups. Research in the classical social- psychological tradition as well as data on political trends support such a view. However, more recent survey and experimental findings cast doubt on the economic deprivation model of out-group hostility. O’Connell examines responses to sections of the European Social Survey that suggest that economic deprivation is still linked to out-group hostility, and argues that this position is contradicted by recent trends in anti-immigrant politics: electoral support for far-right parties has been more prevalent in wealthier and more materially secure societies than in poorer ones. He offers an explanation for this apparent paradox, suggesting that increased economic security has both direct and indirect effects on a society, and that these effects run counter to each other. As economic scarcity decreases, concerns over economic rivalry decline but new concerns related to integration emerge, particularly as the society becomes more attractive to migrants.
Funding Details: Not applicable
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Journal: Patterns of Prejudice
Volume: 39
Issue: 1
Start page: 60
End page: 74
Copyright (published version): 2005 Taylor & Francis Group Ltd
Keywords: Anti-immigrant attitudesEconomic determinismEconomic hardshipMaterialismPopulismEuropean Social Survey
Subject LCSH: Immigrants--European Union countries--Public opinion
Immigrants--Public opinion--Economic aspects
Minorities--Public opinion--Economic aspects
Minorities--European Union countries--Public opinion
European Union countries--Ethnic relations
DOI: 10.1080/00313220500045287
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Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Psychology Research Collection

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