Achievement-related attitudes and the fate of 'at-risk' groups in society

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Title: Achievement-related attitudes and the fate of 'at-risk' groups in society
Authors: O'Connell, Michael F.
Sheikh, Hammad
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Date: Aug-2008
Online since: 2010-09-29T15:56:36Z
Abstract: What causes poverty and how does an individual escape it? Factors such as intelligence and social class background are thought to be important. However, a number of economists have argued that an individual’s profile of achievement-related attitudes (ARAs) like work-orientation and conscientiousness might play a role in social success and failure. Part of their attraction is that these attitudes are regarded as responsive to nurturing and may be especially significant for those individuals with few formal skills to offer the labour market. The NCDS longitudinal dataset was interrogated to assess whether ARAs predicted an individual’s earnings measured almost two decades later. Results indicated that ARAs explain a good deal of variance in earnings, particularly for "at-risk" males. Social policy implications are discussed.
Funding Details: Not applicable
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal: Journal of Economic Psychology
Volume: 29
Issue: 4
Start page: 508
End page: 521
Copyright (published version): 2007 Elsevier B.V.
Keywords: Economic socialisationEarningsCareerSocial exclusionNon-cognitive abilities
Subject LCSH: Attitude (Psychology)--Economic aspects
Wage differentials
Social psychology
DOI: 10.1016/j.joep.2007.11.002
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Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Psychology Research Collection

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