Housing risk and return : evidence from a housing asset-pricing model

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Title: Housing risk and return : evidence from a housing asset-pricing model
Authors: Case, Karl E.
Cotter, John
Gabriel, Stuart A.
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/2890
Date: Jan-2010
Abstract: This paper investigates the risk-return relationship in determination of housing asset pricing. In so doing, the paper evaluates behavioral hypotheses advanced by Case and Shiller (1988, 2002, 2009) in studies of boom and post-boom housing markets. Assuming investment is restricted to housing, the paper specifies and tests a housing asset pricing model, whereby expected returns of metropolitan-specific housing markets are equated to the market return, as represented by aggregate US house price time-series. We augment the model by examining the impact of additional risk factors including aggregate stock market returns, idiosyncratic risk, momentum, and Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) size effects. Further, we test the robustness of the asset pricing results to inclusion of controls for socioeconomic variables commonly represented in the house price literature, including changes in employment, affordability, and foreclosure incidence. We find a sizable and statistically significant influence of the market factor on MSA house price returns. Moreover we show that market betas have varied substantially over time. Also, we find the basic housing model results are robust to the inclusion of other explanatory variables, including standard measures of risk and other housing market fundamentals. Additional tests on the validity of the model using the Fama-MacBeth framework offer further strong support of a positive risk and return relationship in housing. Our findings are supportive of the application of a housing investment risk-return framework in explanation of variation in metro-area cross-section and time-series US house price returns. Further, results strongly corroborate Case-Shiller behavioral research indicating the importance of speculative forces in the determination of U.S. housing returns.
Funding Details: Science Foundation Ireland
Type of material: Conference Publication
Keywords: Asset pricing;House price returns;Risk factors
Subject LCSH: Housing--Prices--United States
Assets (Accounting)
Real estate investment--Rate of return
Financial risk
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Conference Details: 2010 American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association Annual Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, USA 3-5 January 2010
Appears in Collections:Business Research Collection

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