Localisation of normal faults in multilayer sequences
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|Title:||Localisation of normal faults in multilayer sequences||Authors:||Schöpfer, Martin P. J.
Walsh, John J.
|Permanent link:||http://hdl.handle.net/10197/3025||Date:||May-2006||Abstract:||Existing conceptual growth models for faults in layered sequences suggest that faults first localise in strong, and brittle, layers and are later linked in weak, and ductile, layers. We use the Discrete Element Method (DEM) for modelling the growth of a normal fault in a brittle/ductile multilayer sequence. The modelling reveals that faults in brittle/ductile sequences at low confining pressure and high strength contrast localise first as Mode I fractures in the brittle layers. Low amplitude monoclinal folding prior to failure is accommodated by ductile flow in the weak layers. The initially vertically segmented fault arrays are later linked via shallow dipping faults in the weak layers. Faults localise, therefore, as geometrically and kinematically coherent arrays of fault segments in which abandoned fault tips or splays are a product of the strain localisation process and do not necessarily indicate linkage of initially isolated faults. The modelling suggests that fault tip lines in layered sequences are more advanced in the strong layers compared to weak layers, where the difference in propagation distance is most likely related to strength and/or ductility contrast. Layer dependent variations in fault propagation rates generate fringed rather than smooth fault tip lines in multilayers.||Funding Details:||Not applicable||Type of material:||Journal Article||Publisher:||Elsevier||Copyright (published version):||2006 Elsevier Ltd.||Keywords:||Fault growth; Discrete element method; Fault refraction; Fault tip line; Mohr circles; Stress and strain paths||Subject LCSH:||Faults (Geology)
Strains and stresses
|DOI:||10.1016/j.jsg.2006.02.003||Language:||en||Status of Item:||Peer reviewed|
|Appears in Collections:||Earth Sciences Research Collection|
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