Calibrating fault seal using a hydrocarbon migration model of the Oseberg Syd area, Viking Graben

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Title: Calibrating fault seal using a hydrocarbon migration model of the Oseberg Syd area, Viking Graben
Authors: Childs, Conrad
Sylta, Oyvind
Moriya, S.
Morewood, Nigel
Manzocchi, Tom
Walsh, John J.
Hermanssen, D.
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Date: Jun-2009
Abstract: It is widely acknowledged that fault rock capillary properties are important in controlling the distribution of hydrocarbons in sedimentary basins, and methods exist for predicting the capillary seal capacity of prospect bounding faults. However, fault seal capacity is rarely incorporated into models of hydrocarbon migration. This paper presents the results of migration modelling of the Oseberg Syd area of the Viking Graben incorporating fault rock capillary properties. Seal capacity is calculated in the model as a function of Shale Gouge Ratio (SGR), i.e. the percentage shale in the sequence moved past a point on a fault. Over 3 000 model realisations were run for different SGR to fault seal capacity relationships and the calculated hydrocarbon distributions were compared with known distributions. Realisations were ranked according to the closeness of fit between model and actual oil-water contacts for 7 traps. The best-fit to all 7 traps was provided by realisations with significant seal capacity at SGR values greater than ca. 0.2; a value which is in agreement with an independently derived fault-by-fault calibration between SGR and seal capacity. The level of fill calculated for an individual trap is extremely sensitive to minor changes in the seal capacity relationship because it is controlled not only by the seal capacities of the faults that bound the trap, but also by the pattern of fill-spill of upstream traps. This sensitivity to minor changes in seal capacity introduces large uncertainties when fault seal capacity relationships are used in a predictive mode and emphasises the requirement for migration modelling in fault seal prospect evaluation.
Funding Details: Not applicable
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal: Marine and Petroleum Geology
Volume: 26
Issue: 6
Start page: 764
End page: 774
Copyright (published version): 2008 Elsevier Ltd.
Keywords: Fault sealHydrocarbon migrationCapillary pressureMigration modellingSGR calibration
Subject LCSH: Faults (Geology)--Mathematical models
Grabens (Geology)--Norway--Oseberg
Hydrocarbon reservoirs
DOI: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2008.05.004
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Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed 2011-07-20T14:23:12Z
Appears in Collections:Earth Sciences Research Collection

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