Sedimentology, sandstone provenance and palaeodrainage on the eastern Rockall Basin margin : evidence from the Pb isotopic composition of detrital K-feldspar

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Title: Sedimentology, sandstone provenance and palaeodrainage on the eastern Rockall Basin margin : evidence from the Pb isotopic composition of detrital K-feldspar
Authors: Tyrrell, Shane
Souders, A. Kate
Haughton, Peter D. W.
Daly, J. Stephen
Shannon, Patrick M.
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/3057
Date: 2010
Abstract: The Rockall Basin, west of Ireland, is a frontier area for hydrocarbon exploration but currently the age and location of sand fairways through the basin are poorly known. A recently developed provenance approach based on in-situ Pb isotopic analysis of single K-feldspar grains by laser ablation multi-collector inductively-coupled mass spectrometry (LA-MC-ICPMS) offers advantages over other provenance techniques, particularly when applied to regional palaeodrainage issues. K-feldspar is a relatively common, usually first-cycle framework mineral in sandstones and its origin is typically linked to that of the quartz grains in arkosic and sub-arkosic rocks. Consequently, in contrast to other techniques, the Pb-in-K-feldspar tool characterises a significant proportion of the framework grains. New Pb isotopic data from K-feldspars in putative Permo-Triassic and Middle Jurassic sandstones in Well 12/2-1z (the Dooish gas condensate discovery) on the eastern margin of the Irish Rockall Basin are reported. These data suggest that three isotopically distinct basement sources supplied the bulk of the K-feldspar in the reservoir sandstones and that the relative contribution of these sources varied through time. Archaean and early Proterozoic rocks (including elements of the Lewisian Complex and its offshore equivalents), to the immediate east, north-east and north of the eastern Rockall Margin, are the likely sources. More distal sourcelands to the north-west cannot be ruled out but there was no significant input from southern sources, such as the Irish Massif. These data, together with previously published regional Pb isotopic data, highlight the important role played by old, near and far-field Archaean – Proterozoic basement highs in contributing sediment to NE Atlantic margin basins. The Irish Massif appears to have acted as a significant, but inert, drainage divide from the Permo-Triassic to the Late Jurassic and hence younger, Avalonian and Variscan, sand sources appear to have been less important on the Irish Atlantic Margin.
Funding Details: Science Foundation Ireland
Type of material: Book Chapter
Publisher: The Geological Society of London
Copyright (published version): Petroleum Geology Conferences Ltd.
Keywords: Pb isotopes;Provenance;Rockall Basin;Mesozoic;Drainage evolution;K-feldspar;Palaeodrainage;Dooish
Subject LCSH: Lead--Isotopes
Sedimentary basins--Ireland
Geology, Stratigraphic--Mesozoic
Feldspar
DOI: 10.1144/0070937
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Is part of: Vining, B. & Pickering S.C. (eds.). Petroleum Geology : From Mature Basins to New Frontiers : Proceedings of the 7th Petroleum Geology Conference
Appears in Collections:Earth Sciences Research Collection

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