Earthquake histories and Holocene acceleration of fault displacement rates
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|Title:||Earthquake histories and Holocene acceleration of fault displacement rates||Authors:||Nicol, Andrew
Walsh, John J.
|Permanent link:||http://hdl.handle.net/10197/3080||Date:||Oct-2009||Online since:||2011-08-10T11:30:08Z||Abstract:||Displacement rates for normal and reverse faults (N = 57) are generally higher when averaged for the Holocene (~10 ka) than for the late Quaternary (~300 ka) and longer time scales. Holocene acceleration of displacement rates could be attributed to geological processes that produce increases of tectonic tempo. We propose an alternative model in which the observed rate changes arise from variability in earthquake slip and/or recurrence coupled with a sampling bias toward those faults that are best represented at the Earth’s surface and accrued displacement fastest during the Holocene. This model is consistent with displacement rates measured over time intervals of up to ~300 k.y. for 129 faults from the Taupo Rift, New Zealand. Departures of earthquake parameters and associated displacement rates from their long-term (>300 k.y.) averages are attributed to fault interactions and occur on time intervals inversely related to these long-term displacement rates and to regional strain rates.||Funding Details:||Irish Research Council for Science, Engineering and Technology||Type of material:||Journal Article||Publisher:||Geological Society of America||Journal:||Geology||Volume:||37||Issue:||10||Start page:||911||End page:||914||Copyright (published version):||2009 Geological Society of America||Keywords:||Faults; Earthquakes||Subject LCSH:||Paleoseismology--Holocene
Faults (Geology)--New Zealand--History
|DOI:||10.1130/G25765A.1.||Other versions:||http://geology.gsapubs.org/cgi/doi/10.1130/G25765A.1||Language:||en||Status of Item:||Peer reviewed|
|Appears in Collections:||Earth Sciences Research Collection|
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