Engineering characterisation of estuarine silts

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Title: Engineering characterisation of estuarine silts
Authors: Long, Michael (Michael M.)
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/3093
Date: May-2007
Abstract: Guidance is provided for geotechnical engineers designing civil engineering works in silty soils. A detailed characterisation of two estuarine silt sites in Ireland is performed and the soil properties are linked to their geological origin. It was found that these soils are susceptible to densification by conventional and high quality fixed piston tube sampling and care needs to be taken when using laboratory derived design parameters, particularly for consolidation and shear strength properties. One dimensional consolidation and creep of these silts can be modelled successfully by the well known Janbu formulation. Settlement predictions from laboratory derived parameters match reasonably with measured data but tend to underestimate primary consolidation, consistent with a sampling densification effect. Vane data should be used with caution as measured strength values may be high and it seems more reliable parameters can be derived from CPTU tests. Conventional techniques for determining soil strength from triaxial tests in silt are inappropriate due to the dilational nature of the material and more reliable and logical strength estimates can be made from a limiting strain criterion.
Funding Details: Not applicable
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Geological Society of London
Copyright (published version): 2007 Geological Society of London
Keywords: Silt;Compressibility;Cone penetration tests;Embankments;Laboratory studies
Subject LCSH: Silt--Testing
Soil consolidation test
Embankments
DOI: 10.1144/1470-9236/05-061
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Urban Institute Ireland Research Collection
Critical Infrastructure Group Research Collection
Civil Engineering Research Collection

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