The more the merrier? The effect of family size and birth order on children's education
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|Title:||The more the merrier? The effect of family size and birth order on children's education||Authors:||Devereux, Paul J.
Black, Sandra E.
Salvanes, Kjell G.
|Permanent link:||http://hdl.handle.net/10197/310||Date:||May-2005||Online since:||2008-07-09T12:00:26Z||Abstract:||There is an extensive theoretical literature that postulates a trade-off between child quantity and quality within a family. However, there is little causal evidence that speaks to this theory. Using a rich data set on the entire population of Norway over an extended period of time, we examine the effects of family size and birth order on the educational attainment of children. We find a negative correlation between family size and children's education, but when we include indicators for birth order or use twin births as an instrument, family size effects become negligible. In addition, higher birth order has a significant and large negative effect on children's education. We also study adult earnings, employment, and teenage childbearing and find strong evidence for birth order effects with these outcomes, particularly among women. These findings suggest the need to revisit economic models of fertility and child "production," focusing not only on differences across families but differences within families as well.||Funding Details:||The National Science Foundation; The California Center for Population Research; The Norwegian Research Council||Type of material:||Journal Article||Publisher:||MIT Press Journals, Massachusets Institute||Journal:||Quarterly Journal of Economics||Volume:||120||Issue:||2||Start page:||669||End page:||700||Copyright (published version):||Copyright 2005 by the President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology||Subject LCSH:||Family size
|Language:||en||Status of Item:||Peer reviewed|
|Appears in Collections:||Geary Institute Research Collection|
Economics Research Collection
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