Pilot field-scale demonstration of a novel alum sludge-based constructed wetland system for enhanced wastewater treatment

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Title: Pilot field-scale demonstration of a novel alum sludge-based constructed wetland system for enhanced wastewater treatment
Authors: Zhao, Y.Q.
Babatunde, A.O.
Hu, Y.S.
Kumar, J.L.G.
Zhao, X.H.
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/3118
Date: Jan-2011
Abstract: In this study, beneficial reuse of the alum-contained drinking water treatment sludge is extended into developing a novel constructed wetland system (CWs) using the alum sludge as main substrate. The study reports on the first pilot field-scale alum sludge-based CWs operated in the tidal flow mode with enhanced capacity for phosphorus and organic matter removal from animal farm wastewater. The concept of the development is presented and this is followed by the performance analysis of the first CWs of its kind. The CWs consists of four identical compartments in series operated using a tidal flow strategy with a hydraulic loading rate of 0.29 m3/m2.d. First year analysis of the system’s performance shows that it is a unique and promising low-cost wastewater treatment system. The mean monthly removal efficiencies obtained was determined to range from 57%-84%, 36%-84%, 11%-78%, 49%-93%, 75%-94%, 73%-97% and 46%-83% for BOD5, COD, TN, NH4-N, TP, P (inorganic phosphorus) and SS. The system showed a distinct phosphorus removal and also, the system was effective in reducing levels of organics and ammonium-nitrogen. More importantly, the system showcases a novel reuse alternative for the alum sludge as opposed to its landfilling, demonstrating a win-win technique with a great potential for larger-scale application.
Funding Details: Other funder
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Elsevier
Copyright (published version): 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
Keywords: Alum sludge;Constructed wetlands;Phosphorus;Tidal flow;Wastewater treatment
Subject LCSH: Constructed wetlands
Water treatment plant residuals
Phosphorus
Water--Purification
DOI: 10.1016/j.procbio.2010.08.023
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Centre for Water Resources Research Collection
Urban Institute Ireland Research Collection
Critical Infrastructure Group Research Collection
Civil Engineering Research Collection

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