From the cradle to the labor market? The effect of birth weight on adult outcomes

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Title: From the cradle to the labor market? The effect of birth weight on adult outcomes
Authors: Devereux, Paul J.
Black, Sandra E.
Salvanes, Kjell G.
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Date: Feb-2007
Online since: 2008-07-10T08:43:42Z
Abstract: Lower birth weight babies have worse outcomes, both short-run in terms of one-year mortality rates and longer run in terms of educational attainment and earnings. However, recent research has called into question whether birth weight itself is important or whether it simply reflects other hard-to-measure characteristics. By applying within twin techniques using an unusually rich dataset from Norway, we examine the effects of birth weight on both short-run and long-run outcomes for the same cohorts. We find that birth weight does matter; despite short-run twin fixed effects estimates that are much smaller than OLS estimates, the effects on longer-run outcomes such as adult height, IQ, earnings, and education are significant and similar in magnitude to OLS estimates.
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: MIT Press Journals, Massachusets Institute
Journal: Quarterly Journal of Economics
Volume: 122
Issue: 1
Start page: 409
End page: 439
Copyright (published version): 2007 by the President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Subject LCSH: Birth weight
Developmental biology
DOI: 10.1162/qjec.122.1.409
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Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Geary Institute Research Collection
Economics Research Collection

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