Rhodium carbene complexes as versatile catalyst precursors for Si–H bond activation

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Title: Rhodium carbene complexes as versatile catalyst precursors for Si–H bond activation
Authors: Krüger, Anneke
Albrecht, Martin
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/3649
Date: 9-Jan-2012
Abstract: Rhodium(III) complexes comprising monoanionic C,C,C-tridentate dicarbene ligands activate Si–H bonds and catalyse the hydrolysis of hydrosilanes to form silanols and siloxanes with concomitant release of H2. In dry MeNO2, selective formation of siloxanes takes place, while changing conditions to wet THF produces silanols exclusively. Silylethers are formed when ROH is used as substrate, thus providing a mild route towards the protection of alcohols with H2 as the only by-product. With alkynes, comparably fast hydrosilylation takes place, while carbonyl groups are unaffected. Further expansion of the Si–H bond activation to dihydrosilanes afforded silicones and polysilylethers. Mechanistic investigations using deuterated silane revealed deuterium incorporation into the abnormal carbene ligand and hence suggests a ligand-assisted mechanism involving heterolytic Si–H bond cleavage.
Funding Details: Other funder
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Wiley-VCH
Copyright (published version): 2012 Wiley VCH
Keywords: RhodiumSilane activationSiloxanesMesoionic complexesLigand cooperativityCarbenes
Subject LCSH: Carbenes (Methylene compounds)
Cooperative binding (Biochemistry)
Activation (Chemistry)
DOI: 10.1002/chem.201102197
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Chemistry Research Collection

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