What characterizes 'the usual' preoperative education in clinical contexts?

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Title: What characterizes 'the usual' preoperative education in clinical contexts?
Authors: Fitzpatrick, Elizabeth
Hyde, Abbey
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/4130
Date: Dec-2005
Online since: 2013-02-22T09:52:30Z
Abstract: The literature on preoperative education is dominated by studies that employ experimental designs to measure the effects of structured programs on patient outcomes. These studies predominantly compare structured preoperative educational interventions with the usual care that patients receive. However, the notion of what the “usual” care comprises is largely elusive and unexplored. This study aimed to understand how the usual preoperative education is practiced in a number of surgical clinical units at one particular hospital in Ireland. Twelve experienced surgical nurses were interviewed in depth. A qualitative strategy resembling grounded theory was employed to analyze the data. The findings indicated that the content and quality of the preoperative education that patients received depended largely upon the individual nurse caring for the patient. Although there was a generic content of preoperative education that all participants identified as important, this related to physical and technical issues, and to the transmission of administrative or procedural information. Perspectives on the process of delivering preoperative education were diverse. The vast majority did not relate to the formal language of the discourses of teaching and learning; nonetheless, their descriptions of engaging in their work indicated the application of some elements of educational theory. The data suggested that the use of teaching tools was inconsistent, depending on their availability and the practices of individual nurses. On the whole, the usual care as described by participants in our study may be characterized as uneven, variable, and mutable. We conclude by raising some methodological issues relating to the use of the usual care in control groups in experimental studies on preoperative education.
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Blackwell (Wiley)
Journal: Nursing and Health Sciences
Volume: 7
Issue: 4
Start page: 251
End page: 258
Copyright (published version): 2005, Blackwell
Keywords: Grounded theoryPatient teachingPreoperative education
DOI: 10.1111/j.1442-2018.2005.00244.x
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Nursing, Midwifery & Health Systems Research Collection

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