Performance of concrete incorporating GGBS in aggressive wastewater environments

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Title: Performance of concrete incorporating GGBS in aggressive wastewater environments
Authors: O'Connell, Martin
McNally, Ciaran
Richardson, Mark G.
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/4146
Date: Feb-2012
Abstract: Concrete is traditionally used as the main component of wastewater facilities. The sulfate and acidic environment presents significant challenges. Supplementary cementitious materials (SCM) such as GGBS are being used in increasing quantities in concrete and have been shown to provide concrete with increased durability in this particular environment. They have traditionally been used with CEM I, but in recent years a shift in concrete practice has led to the introduction of CEM II cements with reduced CO2 footprint and obvious environmental and economic benefits. However, the change in cement chemistry associated with using CEM II and GGBS must also be accounted for in concrete specifications for aggressive environments. This has particular importance when concrete is exposed to elevated sulfate and sulfuric acid environments, such as that associated with water and wastewater treatment. The performance of CEM II/A-L cements with varying amounts of GGBS was evaluated through a series of tests conducted to determine their durability characteristics in respect of sulfate attack and sulfuric acid attack. As a benchmark, samples were also tested using CEM I cement, CEM I with GGBS, and a sulfate resistant Portland cement. Results have shown that for all cases, the addition of GGBS resulted in considerable reductions in sulfate induced expansion relative to samples using CEM I or CEM II binders alone. A slight improvement in performance relative to sulfate resisting Portland cement (SRPC) binders was also observed. However in respect of the sulfuric acid environment the regime proved too harsh and ultimately resulted in the early failure of all samples. Some difference in performance was noted, but this was not considered noteworthy. The influence of pH and acid type was studied. The conclusions were that the concretes tested cannot adequately address the durability threat to all parts of wastewater infrastructure over a significant life span due to the extraordinarily harsh nature of this form of attack.
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Elsevier
Copyright (published version): 2011 Elsevier Ltd
Keywords: GGBS;Limestone cement;Wastewater;Sulfate;Sulfuric acid
DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2011.07.036
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Civil Engineering Research Collection

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