The effects of avoidant instructions on golf putting proficiency and kinematics

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Toner,_Moran_&_Jackson_2013.pdf239.03 kBAdobe PDFDownload
Title: The effects of avoidant instructions on golf putting proficiency and kinematics
Authors: Toner, John
Moran, Aidan P.
Jackson, Robin
Permanent link:
Date: Jul-2013
Online since: 2013-04-30T11:09:35Z
Abstract: Objectives. Although the effects of avoidant or negative instructions on skilled performance in sport has received little research attention, de la Pena, Murray, and Janelle (2008) reported recently that novice golfers who were instructed not to leave a putt short of a circle, overcompensated by leaving their putts significantly longer than at baseline, and vice versa. It is unclear, however, whether athletes' propensity to engage in over-compensatory behaviour is affected by their level of expertise. Design. To address this unresolved issue, the present study investigated the influence of avoidant instructions on golfers' putting stroke proficiency (i.e., as measured by an index of putting performance and the direction in which putts are missed) and on their putting stroke performance (as measured by motion analysis). Methods. 14 high-skilled and 14 low-skilled golfers were required to putt from a distance of 2.5 m on a sloped surface which caused the ball to move left-to-right as it approached the hole. All participants performed in a condition in which they were given no instructions and in a condition in which they were instructed not to miss a putt in a specific direction (i.e., left or right of the hole). Results. High-skilled golfers' overall putting proficiency was unaffected by avoidant instructions. In contrast, low-skilled golfers' performance was significantly degraded due to disruption of certain kinematic features of their putting stroke (e.g., putter path and forward-swing times).
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal: Psychology of Sport and Exercise
Volume: 14
Issue: 4
Start page: 501
End page: 507
Copyright (published version): 2013, Elsevier Ltd.
Keywords: Implicit overcompensationIronic processesExpertiseKinematicsGolf putting
DOI: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.01.008
Other versions:
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Psychology Research Collection

Show full item record

Citations 50

Last Week
Last month
checked on Feb 20, 2019

Google ScholarTM



This item is available under the Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland. No item may be reproduced for commercial purposes. For other possible restrictions on use please refer to the publisher's URL where this is made available, or to notes contained in the item itself. Other terms may apply.