Functional Assessment for Predicting Charge-Transfer Excitations of Dyes in Complexed State: A Study of Triphenylamine-Donor Dyes on Titania for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

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Title: Functional Assessment for Predicting Charge-Transfer Excitations of Dyes in Complexed State: A Study of Triphenylamine-Donor Dyes on Titania for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
Authors: Dev, Pratibha
Agrawal, Saurabh
English, Niall J.
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/4299
Date: 13-Dec-2012
Abstract: Time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) was employed to calculate the UV/vis spectra for three of the triphenylamine (TPA)-donor dyes, TC1, L1, and LJ1, in isolation as well as when complexed with a titania nanoparticle. TPA-donor dyes are a class of promising organic dyes for use in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The three dyes studied here are among the smallest of these molecules and provide important insight into the entire series of TPA dyes that are being explored as possible sensitizers in titania-based DSSCs. An attempt to calculate the optical spectra for these dyes within the B3LYP approximation to the exchange correlation functional produces erroneous results. However, Coulomb attenuated approximation (CAM-B3LYP) captures the correct photophysics of the dyes and produces more accurate charge-transfer excitation energies of their complexes with titania. This work shows that the extent to which a given approximation fails or succeeds to correctly predict the charge-transfer excitation energies in the isolated dyes is propagated in that it fails (or succeeds) to correctly predict the values of the excitation energies for the complexes. It is, therefore, important to determine the most appropriate functional for a dye before considering it in more complicated structures such as dye-titania complexes.
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Copyright (published version): 2012 American Chemical Society
Keywords: Triphenylamine dyes;Dye-sensitized solar cells;Time-dependent density functional theory
DOI: 10.1021/jp306153e
Language: en
Status of Item: Not peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Chemical and Bioprocess Engineering Research Collection

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