Visualizing molecular polar order in tissues via electromechanical coupling
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|Title:||Visualizing molecular polar order in tissues via electromechanical coupling||Authors:||Denning, Denise
Rodriguez, Brian J.
|Permanent link:||http://hdl.handle.net/10197/4361||Date:||Dec-2012||Online since:||2013-06-10T12:19:24Z||Abstract:||Electron microscopy (EM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) techniques have long been used to characterize collagen fibril ordering and alignment in connective tissues. These techniques, however, are unable to map collagen fibril polarity, i.e., the polar orientation that is directed from the amine to the carboxyl termini. Using a voltage modulated AFM-based technique called piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM), we show it is possible to visualize both the alignment of collagen fibrils within a tissue and the polar orientation of the fibrils with minimal sample preparation. We demonstrate the technique on rat tail tendon and porcine eye tissues in ambient conditions. In each sample, fibrils are arranged into domains whereby neighboring domains exhibit opposite polarizations, which in some cases extend to the individual fibrillar level. Uniform polarity has not been observed in any of the tissues studied. Evidence of anti-parallel ordering of the amine to carboxyl polarity in bundles of fibrils or in individual fibrils is found in all tissues, which has relevance for understanding mechanical and biofunctional properties and the formation of connective tissues. The technique can be applied to any biological material containing piezoelectric biopolymers or polysaccharides.||Type of material:||Journal Article||Publisher:||Elsevier||Journal:||Journal of Structural Biology||Volume:||180||Issue:||3||Start page:||409||End page:||419||Copyright (published version):||2012 Elsevier Inc.||Keywords:||Atomic force microscopy; Piezoresponse force microscopy; Collagen; Piezoelectricity; Polar ordering; Eye tissues; Tendon||DOI:||10.1016/j.jsb.2012.09.003||Other versions:||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsb.2012.09.003||Language:||en||Status of Item:||Peer reviewed|
|Appears in Collections:||Physics Research Collection|
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