Mechanisms of Action of Zinc on Intestinal Epithelial Electrogenic Ion Secretion: Insights into its Anti-Diarrheal Actions

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Bzik_et_al_JPP_FINAL_2012.doc596.5 kBMicrosoft WordDownload
Title: Mechanisms of Action of Zinc on Intestinal Epithelial Electrogenic Ion Secretion: Insights into its Anti-Diarrheal Actions
Authors: Bzik, V. A.
Medani, Mekki
Baird, Alan W.
Winter, Desmond C.
Brayden, David James
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/4366
Date: May-2012
Abstract: Objectives  Zinc is a useful addition to oral rehydration therapy for acute diarrhoea. We have assessed the mechanism of its epithelial antisecretory action when intestinal epithelial tight junctions were pharmacologically opened. Methods  Rat isolated ileal and colonic mucosae were mounted in Ussing chambers and exposed to ZnSO4 (Zn2+) in the presence of secretagogues and inhibition of short circuit current (Isc) was measured. Key findings  Pre-incubation with basolateral but not apical Zn2+ reduced Isc stimulated by forskolin, carbachol and A23187. In the presence of the tight junction-opener, cytochalasin D, antisecretory effects of apically-applied Zn2+ were enabled in colon and ileum. The apparent permeability coefficient (Papp) of Zn2+ was increased 1.4- and 2.4-fold across rat ileum and colon, respectively, by cytochalasin D. Basolateral addition of Zn2+ also reduced the Isc stimulated by nystatin in rat colon, confirming K channel inhibition. In comparison with other inhibitors, Zn2+ was a relatively weak blocker of basolateral KATP and K Ca2+ channels. Exposure of ileum and colon to Zn2+ for 60 min had minimal effects on epithelial histology. Conclusions  Antisecretory effects of Zn2+ on intestinal epithelia arose in part through nonselective blockade of basolateral K channels, which was enabled when tight junctions were open.
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Wiley
Copyright (published version): 2012 The Authors. JPP. 2012 Royal Pharmaceutical Society
Keywords: Zinc;Intestinal epithelia;Secretory diarrhoea;Zinc absorption;Epithelial tight junctions;Potassium channel inhibition
DOI: 10.1111/j.2042-7158.2011.01441.x
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Veterinary Medicine Research Collection

Show full item record

SCOPUSTM   
Citations 50

8
Last Week
0
Last month
checked on Jun 22, 2018

Google ScholarTM

Check

Altmetric


This item is available under the Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland. No item may be reproduced for commercial purposes. For other possible restrictions on use please refer to the publisher's URL where this is made available, or to notes contained in the item itself. Other terms may apply.