Optimised design of nested circular tube energy absorbers under lateral impact loading

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Title: Optimised design of nested circular tube energy absorbers under lateral impact loading
Authors: Olabi, A. G.
Morris, E.
Hashmi, M. S. J.
et al.
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/4598
Date: Jan-2008
Abstract: Arrangements of mild steel (DIN 2393) nested tubes were laterally crushed by dynamic loading. The tests were performed with impact velocities ranging between 3 and 5 m/s, using a fixed mass impinging onto the specimens under the influence of gravity. Two arrangements of nested tube systems were considered; one standard and one optimised design. Their crushing behaviour and energy absorption capabilities were analysed experimentally and simulated numerically using the explicit code LS-DYNA. Results from the numerical analyses were compared against those obtained from experiments. An over-prediction in force-deflection responses was obtained from the numerical code. An attempt was made to explain this inconsistency on the basis of the validity of strain rate parameters used in the Cowper Symonds relation. It was shown that the optimised energy absorber exhibited a more desirable force-deflection response than the standard arrangement due to a simple design modification which involved mild steel cylindrical dampers.
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Elsevier
Copyright (published version): 2008 Elsevier
Keywords: Mild steel;Nested tubes;Energy absorbers;Lateral impact;FEM;Optimisation
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijmecsci.2007.04.005
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Mechanical & Materials Engineering Research Collection

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