Analysis of loading curve characteristics on the production of brain deformation metrics

Title: Analysis of loading curve characteristics on the production of brain deformation metrics
Authors: Post, Andrew
Walsh, Evan S.
Hoshizaki, Thomas Blaine
et al.
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/4682
Date: 13-Jun-2012
Abstract: Traumatic and mild traumatic brain injuries are incurred as a result of the complex motions of the head after an impact. These motions can be quantified in terms of linear and rotational accelerations which cause the injurious levels of brain deformation. Currently, it is unclear what aspects of the linear and rotational acceleration loading curves influence injurious brain deformation. This research uses the University College Dublin Brain Trauma Model to analyse the loading curve shapes from a series of centric and non-centric impacts to a Hybrid III headform fitted with different hockey helmets. The results found that peak resultant linear acceleration did not always correlate with brain deformation measures. The results also indicated that, due to the complex nature of the interaction between loading curve characteristic and tissue parameters, there was no commonality in curve shape which produced large magnitudes of brain deformation. However, the discriminant function did show that angular acceleration loading curve characteristics would predict brain deformation more reliably than linear acceleration loading curves.
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Sage Publications
Journal: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part P: Journal of Sports Engineering and Technology
Volume: 226
Issue: 3-4
Start page: 200
End page: 207
Copyright (published version): 2012 Sage Publications
Keywords: Finite element modellingTraumatic brain injuryReconstructionInjury biomechanicsConcussion
DOI: 10.1177/1754337112449420
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
metadata.dc.date.available: 2013-10-03T08:33:58Z
Appears in Collections:Mechanical & Materials Engineering Research Collection

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This item is available under the Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland. No item may be reproduced for commercial purposes. For other possible restrictions on use please refer to the publisher's URL where this is made available, or to notes contained in the item itself. Other terms may apply.