Influence of an Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Surface Treatment on the Interfacial Fracture Toughness on Bonded Composite Joints

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Title: Influence of an Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Surface Treatment on the Interfacial Fracture Toughness on Bonded Composite Joints
Authors: Mohan, Joseph
Carolan, Declan
Murphy, Neal
et al.
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/4689
Date: 2007
Abstract: The aim of this work is to investigate the influence of a variety of plasma treatments on the surface properties of an epoxy-based composite material and to establish a relationship between these properties and the subsequent mechanical behaviour of adhesively bonded joints. To this end, specimens were subjected to three different types of plasma treatment: two short treatments (2min) of Helium and Helium plus Oxygen, and one long treatment (15min) of Helium plus Oxygen. The variation in surface energy of the composite specimens was examined in each case over a period of up to 3 days using contact angle measurements. Initial results show that the surface energy was increased from an untreated value of approximately 40 mJ/m2 to a value of 65 mJ/m2 immediately after treatment. The surface energy then fell by approximately 10 mJ/m2 over the course of three days for each treatment. The composite substrates were then bonded together using an epoxy film adhesive and the Mode I fracture toughness of the joint was determined from a series of symmetric and asymmetric double cantilever beam (DCB) tests. It was found that for both test geometries the adhesive failed cohesively. As a result, the values calculated for the mean propagation strain energy release rate, GIC, were those of the cohesive fracture toughness of the adhesive as opposed to the interfacial fracture toughness between the composite surface and adhesive.
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Tech Science Press
Copyright (published version): 2007 Tech Science Press
Keywords: Atmospheric pressure plasma;Surface energy;Composites;Adhesives;Asymmetric double cantilever beam (DCB) tests
DOI: 10.3970/sdhm.2007.003.081
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Mechanical & Materials Engineering Research Collection

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