The fertility of the Irish in the United States in 1910

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Title: The fertility of the Irish in the United States in 1910
Authors: Ó Gráda, Cormac
Guinnane, Timothy
Moehling, Carolyn M. (Carolyn Marie)
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Date: Jan-2004
Abstract: In most western societies, marital fertility began to decline in the nineteenth century. But in Ireland, fertility in marriage remained stubbornly high into the twentieth century. Explanations of this focus on the influence of the Roman Catholic Church in Irish society. These arguments are often backed up by claims that the Irish outside of Ireland behaved the same way. This paper investigates these claims by examining the marital fertility of Irish Americans in 1900 and 1910. We find that Irish fertility patterns did not survive the Atlantic crossing. The Irish in America had smaller families than couples in both rural and urban Ireland. But Irish immigrants still had large families relative to the native-born population in the U.S. This higher marital fertility of Irish immigrants cannot be attributed to differences in other population characteristics. Conditional on observable characteristics, Irish immigrants had larger families.
Type of material: Working Paper
Publisher: University College Dublin; Centre for Economic Resarch
Copyright (published version): UCD School of Economics
Keywords: IrelandUnited StatesFertilityFertility TransitionImmigration
Subject LCSH: Family size--Social aspects--United States
Irish--United States
Fertility--United States
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Language: en
Status of Item: Not peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Economics Working Papers & Policy Papers

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