Was Sally's reason for running from the bear that she thought it was chasing her
|Title:||Was Sally's reason for running from the bear that she thought it was chasing her||Authors:||Stout, Rowland||Permanent link:||http://hdl.handle.net/10197/4960||Date:||Nov-2008||Online since:||2013-11-20T09:00:11Z||Abstract:||Sally thinks she is being chased by a bear, and runs away. Let us suppose that running away makes sense in the circumstance.1 It seems clear that her reason for running is that a bear is chasing her. But it also seems that her reason for running is that she thinks a bear is chasing her.2 Indeed it is sometimes asserted that her real reason cannot be that a bear is chasing her, but must be merely that she thinks or believes that a bear is chasing her. For example, Michael Smith has argued as follows: Given that an agent who has a motivating reason to φ is in a state that is in this way potentially explanatory of her φ-ing, it is then natural to suppose that her motivating reason is itself psychologically real. … By contrast with normative reasons, then, which seem to be truths … motivating reasons would seem to be psychological states, states that play a certain explanatory role in providing action. (Smith 1994, p. 96)||Type of material:||Book Chapter||Publisher:||Palgrave Macmillan||Copyright (published version):||Chapters © their individual authors 2009||Keywords:||Psychological state; Motivational state; Normative reason; Moral luck||DOI:||10.1057/9780230582972||Other versions:||http://www.ucd.ie/philosophy/staff/stout/sally.pdf||Language:||en||Status of Item:||Not peer reviewed||Is part of:||Sandis, C. (eds.). New Essays on the Explanation of Action||ISBN:||9780230522022 HB
|Appears in Collections:||Philosophy Research Collection|
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