Nutrient exposure of chemotactic organisms in small-scale turbulent flows
|Title:||Nutrient exposure of chemotactic organisms in small-scale turbulent flows||Authors:||Muñoz-García, Javier
|Permanent link:||http://hdl.handle.net/10197/5045||Date:||27-Oct-2010||Online since:||2013-11-29T09:43:37Z||Abstract:||Micro-organisms living in a turbulent fluid environment often use directed motility to locate regions of higher than average nutrient concentrations. Here, we consider a simple continuum model for the distribution of such chemotactic particles when the particles and the chemoattractant are both advected by a turbulent flow. The influence of chemotactic sensitivity on the spatial distribution of the particles is characterized for different types of advected chemical fields. Using an effective diffusion approximation, we obtain an analytical expression for the nutrient exposure resulting from the chemotactic activity of the particles, generalizing previous results obtained for the case of phototaxis in flows. We show that the biological advantage of chemotaxis in such systems is determined by the spatial variability of the averaged chemoattractant field and the effective diffusivity of the turbulent flow.||Type of material:||Journal Article||Publisher:||IOP Publishing||Journal:||New Journal of Physics||Volume:||12||Issue:||10||Start page:||103043||Copyright (published version):||2010 IOP Publishing||Keywords:||chemotactic organisms; continuum model; fluid dynamics; nutrient uptake||DOI:||10.1088/1367-2630/12/10/103043||Language:||en||Status of Item:||Peer reviewed|
|Appears in Collections:||SBI Research Collection|
Show full item record
Page view(s) 5035
This item is available under the Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland. No item may be reproduced for commercial purposes. For other possible restrictions on use please refer to the publisher's URL where this is made available, or to notes contained in the item itself. Other terms may apply.