Development and initial validation of the Institutional Child Abuse Processes and Coping Inventory among a sample of Irish adult survivors of institutional abuse

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Title: Development and initial validation of the Institutional Child Abuse Processes and Coping Inventory among a sample of Irish adult survivors of institutional abuse
Authors: Flanagan-Howard, Roisín
Carr, Alan
Shevlin, Mark
Dooley, Barbara A.
Fitzpatrick, Mark
Flanagan, Edel
Tierney, Kevin
WhiteWhite, Megan
Daly, Margaret
Egan, Jonathan
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/5190
Date: Sep-2009
Abstract: Objective. To develop a psychometric instrument to evaluate psychological processes associated with institutional abuse and coping strategies used to deal with such abuse. Methods. As part of a comprehensive assessment protocol, an inventory containing theoretically derived multi-item rational scales which assessed institutional abuse-related psychological processes and coping strategies were administered to 247 Irish adult survivors of institutional child abuse. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were used to derive 6 factor scales, the reliability and validity of which were assessed. Results. Factor scales to assess the following constructs were developed (1) traumatization, (2) re-enactment, (3) spiritual disengagement, (4) positive coping, (5) coping by complying, and (6) avoidant coping. There were varying degrees of support for the validity of the scales with most support for the traumatization and re-enactment scales. Conclusions. The Institutional Child Abuse Processes and Coping Inventory (ICAPCI), particularly its traumatization and re-enactment scales, may be used in future research on adult survivors of institutional child abuse because they are currently the only scales that have been developed with this population to provide reliable and valid assessments of these constructs. Practice implications. The ICAPCI may be used, cautiously, to assess adult survivors of institutional child abuse.
Funding Details: Other funder
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Elsevier
Copyright (published version): 2009 Elsevier Ltd.
Keywords: Institutional abuse;Clerical abuse;Abuse processes;Coping with abuse
DOI: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2008.10.006
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Psychology Research Collection

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