Evidence for a 'Migrant Personality': Attachment Styles of Poles in Poland and Polish Immigrants in The Netherlands
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|Title:||Evidence for a 'Migrant Personality': Attachment Styles of Poles in Poland and Polish Immigrants in The Netherlands||Authors:||Polek, Ela
Van Oudenhoven, Jan Pieter
Ten Berge, Jos M. F.
|Permanent link:||http://hdl.handle.net/10197/5196||Date:||2011||Abstract:||In the present study, we examined empirical evidence for a concept of a "migrant personality" using the attachment framework. We compared Polish emigrants in the Netherlands to the Poles living in Poland measuring their secure and dismissing attachment styles, while controlling for age, gender, and education in both samples. The results showed that emigrants are more secure and more dismissing than their fellow countrymen (p < .001). Furthermore, we examined, whether attachment styles might be influenced by the host culture. For that purpose, we subdivided the sample of emigrants into eleven cohorts (each cohort differentiated from the other by two more years of residence) and we compared the mean scores on secure and dismissing attachment styles in consecutive cohorts of emigrants. We observed that the mean scores on secure and dismissing attachment remained similar over cohorts of emigrants. Moreover, the differences between emigrants and non-emigrants were of similar magnitude across cohorts. This suggests that the attachment styles of emigrants are not influenced by the host culture, and that the observed differences in attachment styles between emigrants and non-emigrants last over time, and presumably, existed prior to emigration. Finally, we found that secure attachment was a stronger predictor of psychological health in the emigrant sample than in the in-country sample. In sum, evidence for a migrant personality has been found. This personality, as the results suggest, is functional for emigrants.||Type of material:||Journal Article||Publisher:||Taylor & Francis||Journal:||Journal of Immigrant and Refugee Studies||Volume:||9||Issue:||4||Start page:||311||End page:||326||Copyright (published version):||2011 Taylor & Francis||Keywords:||Dismissive attachment; Immigrants’ adjustment; Migrant personality; Migration; Polish immigrants; Secure attachment; Well-being||DOI:||10.1080/15562948.2011.616163||Language:||en||Status of Item:||Peer reviewed|
|Appears in Collections:||Psychology Research Collection|
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