Lighthouse: Precise 802.11-based Localization

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Title: Lighthouse: Precise 802.11-based Localization
Authors: Siddig, Abubakr
Makki, Ahmed
Bleakley, Chris J.
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/5216
Date: Oct-2013
Abstract: This paper proposes a novel approach to the problem of indoor location estimation based on IEEE 802.11 (WiFi) signals. The approach uses a rotating directional antenna at the Access Point (AP). The Mobile Device (MD) measures the variation of Received Signal Strength Indication (RSSI) with antenna Direction Of Emission (DOE). The observed DOE-RSSI signature is used as a fingerprint to search a map of previously measured DOE-RSSI signatures. The method has the advantage that it works with existing 802.11 cards and that it provides higher accuracy, for the same number of APs, than the conventional RSSI fingerprinting technique based on maps obtained using multiple omnidirectional APs. We report results obtained from an experimental testbed deployed in a typical office space. The Lighthouse algorithm achieved 85% and 95% success ratio in MD localisation over 20 possible positions using one AP and two APs, respectively. The success ratio achieved is, on average, +24% and +53% better than the conventional RSSI fingerprinting and directional beaconing methods, respectively.
Type of material: Conference Publication
Publisher: IEEE
Copyright (published version): 2013, IEEE
Keywords: IEEE 802.11;Direction of emission;Indoor localization;Positioning;Wireless
DOI: 10.1109/IPIN.2013.6817914
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Conference Details: 4th Indoor Positioning and Indoor Navigation (IPIN), Montbeliard, France, 28-31st October, 2013
Appears in Collections:Computer Science Research Collection

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