Profiles of resilient survivors of institutional abuse in Ireland

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Title: Profiles of resilient survivors of institutional abuse in Ireland
Authors: Flanagan, Edel
Carr, Alan
Dooley, Barbara A.
Fitzpatrick, Mark
Flanagan-Howard, Roisín
Shevlin, Mark
Tierney, Kevin
White, Megan
Daly, Margaret
Egan, Jonathan
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Date: Sep-2009
Abstract: In a group of 247 survivors of institutional abuse in Ireland, 45 cases (18%) did not meet the diagnostic criteria for common DSM IV axis I or II disorders. This resilient group was compared with a poorly adjusted group of 119 participants who met the criteria for 1-3 DSM IV axis I or II diagnoses, and a very poorly adjusted group of 83 participants who had 4 or more disorders. Compared with the very poorly adjusted group, the resilient group was older and of higher socio-economic status; had suffered less sexual and emotional institutional abuse; experienced less traumatization and re-enactment of institutional abuse; had fewer trauma symptoms and life problems; had a higher quality of life and global level of functioning; engaged in less avoidant coping; and more resilient survivors had a secure adult attachment style. The resilient group differed from the poorly adjusted group on a subset of these variables. The results of this study require replication in other contexts. Therapeutic interventions with survivors should focus on facilitating the use of non-avoidant coping strategies and the development of a secure adult attachment style.
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: EUSARF
Copyright (published version): 2009, European Scientific Association for Residential and Foster Care for Children and Adolescents
Keywords: ResilienceInstitutional abuseChild abuseAdult survivors of child abuse
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Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Psychology Research Collection

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