A study of the differential effects of Tomm's questioning styles on therapeutic alliance

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Title: A study of the differential effects of Tomm's questioning styles on therapeutic alliance
Authors: Ryan, Dermot
Carr, Alan
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/5298
Date: Jan-2001
Online since: 2014-01-28T09:52:08Z
Abstract: To replicate and extend Dozier et al's (1992) test of Tomm’s hypothesis about the differential effects of questioning styles on therapeutic alliance an analogue study was conducted. Twenty-eight family triads, each including a son and his parents, viewed four videotaped simulated family therapy scenarios in which Tomm's four questioning styles were separately portrayed. Participants were asked to identify with the client whose role corresponded to theirs (i.e. father, mother, or son) and, on the basis of this, to rate the client’s alliance with the therapist. They were also asked to rate the overall alliance between the family and the therapist. Finally, having viewed all four scenarios, they were invited to comparatively rate the quality of the therapeutic alliance across the four questioning styles. Compared with strategic and lineal questioning styles, circular and reflexive questions led to higher ratings of therapeutic alliance on all three measures. The results of this study support Tomm's hypothesis that questioning styles based on circular assumptions lead to a better a therapeutic alliance at an individual and systemic level than questions based on lineal assumptions.
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Journal: Family Process
Volume: 40
Issue: 1
Start page: 67
End page: 77
Copyright (published version): 2001 Wiley-Blackwell
Keywords: Circular questionsSystemic therapyReflexive questionsInterventive interviewing
DOI: 10.1111/j.1545-5300.2001.4010100067.x
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Psychology Research Collection

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