Conceptualising the European Union's global role

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Title: Conceptualising the European Union's global role
Authors: Tonra, Ben
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/5346
Date: Nov-2005
Abstract: There has been considerable debate surrounding the nature of the European Union’s international capacity. Early conceptions of the Union as a civilian – or non-military actor – dominated early thinking, characterising the Union as a new kind of international actor (Duchene, 1972). Others, meanwhile (Galtung, 1973; Bull, 1982) argued that this simply sought to make a virtue of weakness and that if the Union were ever to be taken seriously, then it would have to develop a full-spectrum military capacity. That debate, in a somewhat different form, continues today. The ‘civilian power’ thesis (Maull, 1990; Smith, 2005; Stavridis, 2002) has evolved to one in which the Union continues to be posited as a new kind of international actor, but now as one which is somehow uniquely capable or uniquely configured as effective exporter of norms and values in the international system (Manners, 2002; Sjursen 2004). Others insist that only as the Union develops its nascent military capacity can it begin to shoulder real international responsibilities (Smith, 2005; Kagan; Cooper). Within this second debate exist more polemical positions on the adverse, or other, consequences of the ‘militarization’ of the Union’s international profile and transatlantic arguments surrounding a division of labour between the US and EU in delivering ‘hard’ and ‘soft’ security capacity. This paper will outline and critically engage these debates. It will conclude that while the Union remains a distinctive international actor, the trajectory of its development may suggest the pursuit of an ‘enlightened power’ model.
Type of material: Book Chapter
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Copyright (published version): 2005 Palgrave Macmillan
Keywords: European Union
DOI: 10.1057/9780230522671
Language: en
Status of Item: Not peer reviewed
Is part of: Michelle Cini and Angela K. Bourne (eds.). Palgrave Advances in European Union Studies
Appears in Collections:Politics and International Relations Research Collection

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